Lucio Costa - Brasil

Lúcio Marçal Ferreira Ribeiro Lima Costa  (27.02.1902–13.06.1998) was born in France as son of Brazilian parents. Costa received his basic education
in Newcastle upon Tyne (England) and in Montreux (Switzerland) before graduating
as an architect in 1924 from the National School of Fine Arts
(Escola Nacional de Belas Artes) in Rio de Janeiro. The earliest works by Lucio Costa were showing eclectic characteristics, but soon he adopted modernism in 1929.
Lucio Costa established a partnership with Gregori Warchavchik in 1930. The same year he became director of the National School of Fine Arts where he had been studying.
Some of the students where interestend in beeing taugth in modernism, but Lucio Costa soon encountert opposition of the faculty and student body. As a consequence
Lucio Costa had to resign after beeing only one year in office. In 1937 he joined the newly created National Service of Historic and Artistic Heritage. Lucio Costa remained
at the National Heritage Service until retirement. In his position als regional, and later national director, he was involved in numerous controversial decisions.

In fact, Costa favored the heritage of the Portuguese colonization over that of any other time or ethnic group (except for Brazilian Modernism).

Fascinated by the architecture of Le Corbusier, Lucio Costas work is characterized by reconciling traditional Brazilian forms and construction techniques with international modernism.
Together with Oscar Niemeyer, Lucio Costa designed the Brazilian pavillon at the New Yor World's Fair of 1939. The Ministry of Education and Health in Rio de Janeiro (1936-43),
is one of his major works. It was designed together with Oscar Niemeyer und Roberto Burle Marx - beeing cosulted by Le Corbusier. Perhaps the most important work of Lucio Costa
is the urban plan for the new capital Brasilia.

1952 - 1959  Maison du Brésil