Shigeru Ban was born in Tokyo on the 5th of August 1957, and studied architectur at the Tokyo University of Arts and then at the Southern California Institute of Architecture.
Later he studied under John Heydok at the Cooper Union's School of Architecture, where he graduated in 1984. Hejduk, who was part of the New York Five,
had a lasting influence on Shigeru Ban. His interest in fundamental elements of architecture and his architectonic poetics ar considered to be a consequence of this influence.
In the Architecture of Shigeru Ban we can recognise traditional japanese elements such as the shoji and the concept of the universal floor. As a consequence of his education,
Shigeru Ban is one of those Japanese architects who embraces the combination eastern and wester building traditions, forms and methods. Shigeru Ban became especially
known for his innovative work with paper. With his buildings in recycled cardboard tubes he was able to house disaster victims quickly and efficient. In 2014 Shigeru Ban was
awarded the prestigious Pritzker Architectur Prize.
Shigeru Ban was the first architect in Japan who constructed buildings primarily out of paper. When he built his first project of this kind, his well known paper house,
he had to request special approval to pass Japan's building code. Shiger Ban ist interested in this matieral because it is low cost, recyclable, low-tech and replaceable.
Some of these aspects make paper make this material well suited for humanitarian and ecological architecture. Shigeru Ban's DIY refugee shelters were used in Japan
after the Kobe earthquake, and all around the world in emergency situations. But Shigeru Bans work with Paper is not only restricted to humanitarian works. So he built
the Japanese pavillion at the Expo 2000 in Hannover (Germany). In this 72-meter-long gridshell structure he collaborated with Otto Frei and the structural engineer
Buro Happold. The paper tubes of the building were recycled after the exhibition, making it a true temporary building. Sadly, the roof needed a substructure due to the
stringent building laws in Germany.
2013 Office Building Tamedia - Zürich