Kenzo Tange - Japan
Kenzo Tange was born on 4 September 1913 in Osaka Japan. He spent his early life in the China, especially in the cities of Hankow and Shanghai.
After the return von China, Kenzo Tange and his family lived in a farmhouse in Imabari on the island of Shikoku. After finishing middle school,
Kenzo Tange moved to Hiroshima, where he attended high schools. His first encounters with drawings by the Swiss modernist, Le Corbusier,
in international art journals, convinced him to become an architect. In 1953 Kenzo Tange began his studies at the University of Tokyo's architecture
department. After graduating from the university, Kenzo Tange worked in the office of Kunio Maekawa. He left the office of Kenzo Tange when the
Second World War started and rejoined the University of Tokyo as a postgraduate student. Kenzo Tange was fascinated by the Katsura villa,
but his early work is clearly inspired by Le Corbusier. His first successfull compettition designs were not executed.
In 1946 Kenzo Tange became an assistant professor at the university and he opened the so called Tange Laboratory. His interest in urbanism
allowed him to become professor of the Department of Urban Engineering in 1963. There he had some students, who became famous in their caree.
Among them were Kisho Kurokawa, Arata Isozaki and Fumihiko Maki.
Kenzo Tanges won the design competition for the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park, which was announced in 1949. Throught this succes, Kenzo Tange
gained the recognition from his elder colleague Kunio Maekawa. As a result he was invited to attend the Congres International d'Architecture Moderne (CIAM).
In 1951 Kenzo Tange took part in the CIAM meeting in Hodddesdon, England. In this meeting, the Athens Charta came under debate by the younger members
of the group. The Athens Charat was critized by them as too vague in relation to city expansion. The discussions at Hoddesdon are considered to be the
startingpoint of the breakup of the CIAM. After the meeting in Dubrovnik in 1956, the younger members of CIAM formed a splinter group, which is known as Team X.
Later Kenzo Tange joined the Team X, where he presented various designs, amont them an unrealised project by Kiyonory Kikutake which became the basis of
the Metabolist Movement.
The ideas for theexpandable urban forms where further developed by Kenzo Tange, wehen he designed teh Yamanashi Broadcasting and Press Centre in Kofu. This
building was designed for three different media companies. So that there is radio station, a television stuidio and a printing plant in this building. The design of the building
should allow future expansion, and is considered to be a prototype of the Metabolist Movement.
In 1961 Kenzo Tange formed aan urbanists and architects team and founded Kenzo Tange Associates. During the 1970s and 1980s, Kenzo Tange was able to expand his
portfolio, so that his work includes buildings and designs in over 20 countries around the world. Kenzo Tange continued his professional practice into high age. He stopped
working just a few years befor his dath in 2005. Kenzo Tange's son, Paul Noritaka Tange graduated from the Harvard University in 1985 and later joined the Kenzo Tange Associates.
In 1997 he became president of Kenzo Tange Associates and founded the Tange Associates in 2002.
1955 Hiroshima Memorial Museum - Hiroshima
1960 Fiera District - Bologna
1964 St. Mary Cathedral - Tokyo
1967 Shizuoka Press and Broadcasting Offices - Tokyo
1991 Metropolitan Governement Office - Tokyo
1994 Shinjuku Park Tower - Tokyo
1996 Fuji TV Headquarters - Tokyo